Haiti located on the Western Hispaniola Island in the Caribbean Sea, with a land mass of approximately 10.6 square miles (27.5 Square Kilometers) and a population of about 10.823 million according to United Nations. The population is predominantly made up of slaves descendants from Sub-Saharan Africa shipped to the Americas during the torturous trans- Atlantic slave trade era.
It was first explored by Columbus in 1492 and later came under the Spanish rule. By 1697 Haiti became a French colony known as Saint-Dominique and leading sugarcane producer that relied on slaves. A revolt which started in 1791 by the 480,000 slave population led to the declaration of independence by Pierre-Dominique Toussaint L’Ouverture in 1801.
After the betrayal and capture of Toussaint L’ouverture in 1802 by Napoléon of France, Dessalines became the leader of the revolution. He defeated the French army at the Battle Vertières in 1803. In 1804 he proclaimed independence and gave the new country the Arawak name Haiti
Haiti with official languages in Haitian Creole and French thus became the first black nation in the world to proclaim independence and a Republic.
Haiti was the only independent black Republic and member of the United Nations during the agitation for African independence from colonial rule. It clamoured vigorously for the liberation and freedom of the Continent and has remained resolute in identifying with Africa.
The decision of the African Union to therefore, formally welcome Haiti though geographically located outside of the continent as a full-fledged African Union member state effective June 2016 attest to the bond that exist between Haiti and Africa
This feat could be the much needed catalyst for the African integration clamoured for by the founding fathers of the AU in the attainment of social economic development of Africa and the Diaspora
Haiti’s with a history political instability, poverty and earthquake recorded a GDP of $8.71B, growth rate 2.7% both in 2014 and an inflation rate of 9% in 2015 according to the World Bank
According to the Caribbean Tourism Organization, Haiti scored a 10.9% increase in stay over tourist arrivals of 515,804 making her the fourth best for any Caribbean destination in 2015.